Uterine fibroids are generally benign (non-cancerous) tumors that are made from nodules of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue, hence the name “fibroid tumor”. They are most commonly found in or on the uterus of women in their 20”s, 30”s and 40”s. Medically, fibroids are also referred to as myomas or leiomyomas, and are considered to be a woman”s fibrosis condition that is usually associated with estrogen dominance.
Fibroids may grow as a single nodule or in clusters and may range in size from 1 cm to more than 20 cm (8 inches) in diameter. They may grow within the wall of the uterus or they may project into the interior cavity, or toward the outer surface. In rare cases, they may grow on stalks or peduncles projecting from the surface of the uterus. These are known as pedunculated fibroids.
While many women do not experience any problems, symptoms can be severe enough to require treatment, and are the most common indication for surgery, including hysterectomy, myomectomy, and uterine fibroid embolization.